Trigeminal Neuralgia or TN – Its Cause and Treatment

What sets Long Island NY Laser Spine Surgery apart from other surgery groups is their treatments keep them at the forefront of the brain and spinal care, making them the premier choice a doctor’s reference in the tri-state and New York area.


Primary care physicians, as well as specialists, refer their patients to NSPS again and again since they know that the expert multidisciplinary teams there offer a personalized treatment plan and ensure the best outcome for each patient.


An example of this is trigeminal neuralgia or TN which is a type of facial pain occurring along the pathway of the trigeminal nerve. This 5th cranial nerve delivers sensation from the forehead down to the chin area together with control of the masticating or chewing muscles. This nerve has 3 branches: the ophthalmic, mandibular and maxillary that go to the upper, middle and lower areas of the face.

Causes and Symptoms of Trigeminal Neuralgia

Trigeminal Neuralgia or TN only affects one side of the face; either the right or the left side. And TN does not cause neck pain. This severe facial pain can be spontaneous and is often described as:

  • Electric-shock like pain
  • Shooting burning or stabbing pain
  • Brief, acute pain that is excruciating



TN is most often caused by pressure on the trigeminal nerve sending signals of pain to the brain. It is this pressure on the nerve that causes the pain and can begin by:

  • Artery or vein in the brain
  • An aneurysm which is the weakening of the wall of a blood vessel
  • Chronic inflammation of the meninges or membranes covering the brain and spinal cord
  • And, very rarely a tumor


At Neurological Surgery, P.C. (NSPC) in New York, expert doctors specialize in the treatment of this problem, with the latest and most advanced methods currently available.

Microsurgical procedure

Microvascular Decompression Surgery is a microsurgical technique to cure TN by eliminating the pressure (decompression) on this nerve. The neurosurgeon makes a hole that is tiny in the skull and then using a microscope and other small instruments, will carefully place a cushion between the nerve and the blood vessel that it is squeezing.

This is a very easy procedure when done by a neurosurgeon.

About Ronald Mendoza