Do you have unsightly varicose and spider veins wandering up the backs of your legs? And, do you know that it is possible to treat them without needing surgery to extract these veins?
If so, here is what you need to know about treating these veins using Advanced Vein Therapy.
What are varicose and spider veins?
WebMD.com describes varicose veins as large, swollen blood vessels that usually develop in the legs. A large reason for their development is attributable to genetics. But professionals that stand most of the day like hairstylists, nurses, and teachers are also at risk of developing varicose veins.
Spider veins, on the other hand, are smaller red, blue, and purple veins. They are just as unsightly but are much smaller than varicose veins. They also lie closer to the surface than varicose veins.
Veins bulge when their walls weaken, and blood pressure increases inside the vein, pushing the walls out. Veins also consist of one-way valves that open and close to ensure the blood moves around the body, from the organs back towards the heart. Weakened and damaged valves cause the blood to pool and flow backward, resulting in distorted and bulging veins.
What is Sclerotherapy?
Sclerotherapy, or Advanced Vein Therapy (AVT), treats varicose and spider veins. The Mayo Clinic website notes that it is the “treatment of choice for small varicose veins.”
The treatment regime includes the injection of a medication that destroys the “vein endothelium, leading to occlusion and subsequent fibrosis of the target vessel “
In other words, the liquid solution known as a sclerosing agent is injected into the vein irritates the vein’s walls, causing it to thicken and stiffen, without causing blood clots, or very few blood clots. It is not a good idea to allow the formation of blood clots, because if they are big enough, they will block the vein, and cause their own set of challenges.
In the small chance that a blood clot occurs, the specialist can recanalize the vein. The good news is that there is very little chance of blood clots forming in this process. But it needs to be mentioned for the sake of complete disclosure. And, as a way to highlight the importance of seeking FDA-approved treatment from a specialist AVT practitioner and not a fly-by-night practice.
The practice of Sclerotherapy
Sclerotherapy is a non-invasive procedure. You do not need a general or local anesthetic to have the procedure. A mild stinging or burning sensation might be felt while the injectable is injected into your vein, but that is all. And, after the procedure is completed, a few people have reported feeling minor aching in the affected veins.
The actual treatment time is between thirty and sixty minutes. And it takes place in the therapist’s rooms. You can resume your normal activities straight after the treatment. You’ll probably be asked to avoid high-impact exercise for two weeks after the treatment, and you’ll have to wear a compression sock for two weeks after the treatment.